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Home » Information, Recent

Amazing new species discovered this year – 2012

Submitted by on Wednesday, 30 May 2012No Comment

Oh Boy! Jellyfish


Credit: Ned Deloach
The striking beauty of the Bonaire banded box jellyfish belies its venomous sting. The jelly was discovered in the waters off the island of Bonaire in the Dutch Caribbean; the species was named Tamoya ohboya by a teacher as part of a citizen science project, with the assumption that someone stung would exclaim “Oh boy!” The jellyfish is one of a small group of perhaps 50 box-jellyfish species. Unlike other jellyfish, the box jellies have vision.

 

Amazing new species discovered this year

Sneezin’ in the Rain
Credit: Thomas Geissmann/Fauna & Flora International
A previously unknown type of snub-nosed monkey, discovered in northern Myanmar and dubbed Rhinopithecus strykeri, has a nose so upturned that the animals sneeze audibly when it rains. To avoid inhaling water, the monkeys supposedly sit with their heads tucked between their knees on drizzly days, according to local hunters. The species, shown here in a Photoshop reconstruction based on a Yunnan snub-nosed monkey and a carcass of the newly discovered species.

Amazing new species discovered this year

Hellish Hot
Credit: A. G. Borgonie, Ghent University, Belgium
With a length of just 0.02 inches (0.5 millimeters), these tiny nematodes called Devil’s worm are the deepest terrestrial multicellular organisms on Earth. The worms were discovered at a depth of nearly a mile (1.3 kilometers) in a South African gold mine; the species was named Halicephalobus mephisto for the Faust legend of the devil, as the new species must survive immense underground pressure and devilish-hot temperatures.

Amazing new species discovered this year

Pink Beads
Credit: B. G. Borgonie, Ghent University, Belgium
Glass beads where the nematodes, called Devil’s worm, were found living in the brownish-colored bacterial biofilm.

Amazing new species discovered this year

Ants Beware!
Credit: C. van Achterberg
This new species of parasitic wasp cruises at just under a half-inch (1 centimeter) above the ground in Madrid, Spain, in search of its target: other ants. With a target in sight, the teensy wasp attacks from the air like a tiny dive-bomber, depositing an egg in less than one-20th of a second.

Amazing new species discovered this year

Funky Fungus
Credit: Thomas Bruns
A funky new mushroom species “lives in the rain forest, under a tree,” and researchers say it’s nearly as strange as its SpongeBob SquarePants namesake. Shaped like a sea sponge, the bright orange (and sometimes purple) mushroom, Spongiforma squarepantsii, was discovered in the forests of Sarawak, Malaysia, on the island of Borneo.

Amazing new species discovered this year

Wandering Leg Sausage
Credit: G. Brovad
A giant millipede about the length of a sausage bears the common name “wandering leg sausage,” which also is at the root of its Latin name: Crurifarcimen vagans. The species holds a new record as the largest millipede, extending 6.3 inches or 16, found in one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots, Tanzania’s Eastern Arc Mountains.

Amazing new species discovered this year

Lots ‘O Limbs
Credit: G. Brovad
The new species of millipede is about 0.6 inches (1.5 centimeters) in diameter with 56 more or less podous rings, or body segments bearing ambulatory limbs, each with two pairs of legs.

Amazing new species discovered this year

Walking Cactus
Credit: Jianni Liu
Although this new species looks more like a “walking cactus” than an animal at first glance, Diania cactiformis belongs to an extinct group called the armored Lobopodia, which had wormlike bodies and multiple pairs of legs. The animal lived about 520 million years ago, with its fossil discovered in southwestern China.

Amazing new species discovered this year

Night Stalker
Credit: Jaap Vermeulen
A slender night stalker is one way to describe this rare orchid from Papua New Guinea whose flowers open around 10 p.m. at night and close early the next morning, hence it’s common name, night-blooming orchid. Bulbophyllum nocturnum, as it is referred to in its Latin name, is thought to be the first night-blooming orchid recorded among the more than 25,000 known species of orchids.

Amazing new species discovered this year

Blue Tarantula
Credit: Rogério Bertani/ Instituto Butantan
Breathtakingly beautiful, this iridescent hairy blue tarantula is the first new animal species from Brazil to be named on the top 10 list. Pterinopelma sazimai is not the first or only blue tarantula but truly spectacular and from “island” ecosystems on flattop mountains.

Amazing new species discovered this year

Lofty Poppy
Credit: Paul Egan
One of the top 10 new species, the Nepalese autumn poppy, or Meconopsis autumnalis, shown here flowering in the wild at more than 13,000 feet (4,000 meters) in Nepal, Himalaya.

 

 

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